Sunday, February 21, 2010

What is the difference between a Liner & Tramp services ?

Who is a Liner ?


A shipping company who transports goods in containers by sea , with a fixed route and schedule (timetable) , and with a high level og cargo safety is called a Liner. This is similar to an air line or bus line(service), on a route with fixed stoppings as per predetermined timetable. These services will continue to run irrespective of whether the airoplane/bus is full or empty as they have to strictly keep their timings and route. Similarly cargo liners too have to stick to the fixed schedule and route irrespective of whether the vessel is full or not.


What is Tramp service ?

The dry bulk and liquid cargoes are generally refered as 'Tramp Trades' and the vessels used to transport these cargoes are called 'Tramp Ships' . Tramp services will not have a fixed route . The ships goes from one port to other depending up on the cargo availability. Tramp services could be compared to a taxi service which is hired to go from one place to another for a single travel. After completing that trip, next employment must be seeked.


What is chartering ?

Chartering is a term used in shipping for hiring a ship. Depending on the type of ship and the type of charter, normally a standard contract form called a charter party is used to record the exact rate, duration and terms agreed between the shipowner and the charterer. There are various types of chartering , they are

1. A voyage charter is the hiring of a vessel and crew for a voyage between a load port and

a discharge port.

2. A time charter is the hiring of a vessel for a specific period of time;
3. A bareboat charter is an arrangement for the hiring of a vessel whereby no administration

or technical maintenance is included as part of the agreement.

4. A demise charter shifts the control and possession of the vessel; the charterer takes full

control of the vessel along with the legal and financial responsibility for it.


9 comments:

  1. i like ur blog so much~ it help me alot...^^

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  2. tq sister.. your info help me a lot. can you send me any e-mail to my YM. rkj_252@yahoo.com

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  3. This is very helpful information 4 us

    VIjendra Thakre

    MBA Foreign Trade
    Medicaps indore

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  4. thank you so much for this blog

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  5. I luv ur blog, It is educating. but on my previous research, i found out dat bare and demise charter are the same. Thus, we have only 3 types of charter.

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  6. this is too good. difficult questions answered in a simple way. i was trying for those answers since last 1 month in internet

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  7. How can one compare the use of the bill of lading in liner shipping and in a tramp shipping?

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  8. Tug services and Terminal supports are they Tramp or Liner trade?

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  9. NEED HELP ...
    MAIN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PORT AGENT FOR TRAMP VESSELS AND LINER AGENT

    AND
    IF I WAS HAVING A LINER COMPANY AND I WAS WEEKLY DOING VOYAGES FROM CYPRUS TO MED SEA AND NOW I WAS PLANNING TO ADD IN MY SCHEDULE TO CALL PORT ANTHEWRP HOW I COULD ADVERTISE THAT TO MY EXPORTERS CLIENTS

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